Ligers in the Wild
A common misconception is that ligers do not exist in the wild.
While that is true today, it does not reflect the majority of lion and tiger history. Currently ligers cannot exist in the wild because lion and tiger territories no longer overlap. This is a recent change of events and is a direct result of the exponential growth of the human population, the loss of viable wild habitats, and the extermination of lion and tiger populations (particularly in the past 100 years).
Prior to the 20th century, lions and tigers shared vast areas in central and southern Asia. Today, approximately 1% of both lion and tiger populations still exist in the wild and their territories have been greatly diminished. While their territories no longer overlap, lions and tigers shared territory for thousands of years. The result of this shared habitat was the existence of wild ligers, which survived to adulthood and went on to reproduce. This was scientifically proven by examining the genes exchanged between species. For scientific information about the process CLICK HERE.
Although lions and tigers no longer share territory, they still come pretty close to each other. A population of Asiatic lions still lives in the Gir Forest national park in western India. The largest population of wild tigers can also be found in India. The only reason the two species currently remain isolated from each other is a barrier of human civilization and millions of people that live in the areas between the parks.